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What You Should Know About Flu Vaccine 2011 / 2012

14 de agosto de 2011

Boy receiving a flu shot

What You Should Know About Flu Vaccine 2011 / 2012

1. Who should be vaccinated for the flu?
Everyone from 6 months of age onwards should take the flu vaccine. However children older than 6 months, Teachers and contacts with children less than 6 months of age, seniors over 60 years, health professionals, pregnant women, patients with chronic diseases such as COPD, Asthma, Diabetes, etc., are the indigenous population group at highest risk, and therefore a priority.

2. What is the best time to receive the vaccine?
Because the vaccine takes about three months to reach its greatest protective effect, the best time to receive the flu vaccine is the beginning of autumn in the northern hemisphere occurs in October and the southern hemisphere in April.

3. Why be vaccinated against influenza?
The flu is caused by influenza virus and it is a contagious disease that spreads through coughing, runny nose or nasal secretions. The group most affected are children who should be vaccinated as a priority. However, as explained above other groups are about risk and should prevent the complications of flu such as pneumonia. Taking a flu shot to protect you from complications, lessens the risk of hospitalization and even death from the flu.
In addition, the influenza virus is always mutating, being advised to receive influenza vaccine annually.

4. What are the risks associated with influenza vaccination?
The flu vaccine contains killed virus that is taken by injection. Like all medicines, may have reactions that are usually mild:
• Sore throat, cough, red eyes and runny nose;
• Low-grade fever, pain and swelling at the injection site.
When these problems occur, they can start at the time of application and last between 24 to 48 hours.

Mild reactions:
• Seizures may occur in some children when influenza vaccine is associated with 13 valent pneumococcal vaccine (PCV 13). Therefore, it is prudent to know if the child has prior history for seizures, and ask your doctor for additional information.
Severe reactions:
• Severe allergic reactions associated with vaccines are extremely rare. The risk for Guillain-Barré syndrome is 1 case per 1 million people vaccinated. This risk is lower than the risk for complications from the flu.

WARNING: In some countries there is inhaled( Spray) vaccines with attenuated virus (live and weakened). These vaccines are contraindicated for pregnant women.

5. Where can I learn more about vaccines?
Ask your doctor for more infomações.
Additional information can be found at the Ministry of Health in Brazil
And the United States at the CDC website
Or by calling 1-800-232 – 4636 (1-800-CDC-INFO)

6.PULMAOSA Offer The Flu Vaccine Locator in USA

Click the Link above to you find where to get a seasonal flu shot.

SOURCES:
PULMAOSA – its atmosphere, YOUR LIFE! ®
BRAZIL MINISTRY OF HEALTH
CDC – USA

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